visite du CESE en Inde

Mar 13 2014
Le CESE entretient de longue date des relations avec les Tibétains en exil. La précédente visite d'une de ses délégations à Dharamsala s'était déroulée en 2010.

Malosse, Anne-Marie Sigmund, Madi Sharma, Tomasz Jasiński

The main objective of the mission was to assist in Dharamsala, in the ceremony commemorating the 55th anniversary of the Tibetan uprising and the hearing of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Were also held meetings with the Central Tibetan Administration (in the person of its director, who bears the title of "sikyong" and other of its members), the Tibetan parliament in exile (in this case, its Chairman and Members) and other political and non-governmental organizations (NGOs active in the field of human rights, Tibetan Chamber of Commerce) figures. The delegation also visited schools in Tibetan and Tibetan Reception Centre (which receives refugees).

In addition, a meeting was arranged with the Head of the EU Delegation in India to discuss the visit to Dharamsala and cooperation between the EESC and Indian civil society.

Key findings
General Comments
It seems in general that the Chinese authorities harden their attitude vis-à-vis the Tibetans in exile. It has been observed, especially after the 2008 Olympics, they apply severe border restrictions, including Nepal, which have resulted to drop dramatically the number of crossings:
thus, the center Home has received only 142 people in 2013, compared with 3500 it hosted each year by 2008.
Meanwhile, the situation of human rights and freedom is also deteriorating in Tibet, testimony of Tibetan exiles. According to Tibetan NGOs, arrests have tripled during the first year of power of the new Chinese leadership.

Priority values
During his visit, the EESC delegation stressed that it is unacceptable that trade and trade relations are the driving elements that the EU has with China. The Union and its Member States, as its companies seem to adopt an entirely dictated by the interest approach. Tibetans have pointed out that negotiating a free trade agreement with China, the EU sends mixed signals about the importance that Europeans attach themselves to their own values.

The Tibet issue is an issue of universal scope for freedom, democracy and solidarity, which are all core values of the European Union. It should comply with Article 21 of the EU Treaty and base its relations with third countries on these core principles and values.

Tibetan community in exile
Tibetan community in exile is exemplary of the level it reached in fact self-organization, democratic structures and engagement of civil society. It is governed by an elected parliament and administration and manages a range of robust national structures of civil society, such as the Tibetan schools, the Tibetan Chamber of Commerce and various NGOs and youth organizations, to mention only few examples.

The following dialogue approach the "middle way" (Umaylam)
The entire Tibetan community advocates to conduct a dialogue with China based on the approach called the "middle way" (Umaylam), which aims to ensure genuine Tibetan autonomy within China. All our partners have formally denied seeking Tibet's independence.

They also provided clarification on the territorial issue. Said the autonomy concern already identified as Tibetans by the Chinese Constitution territories, namely the Tibet Autonomous Region and Tibetan communities majority
The "middle way" is defined as an approach that is at equal distance from the repression and separation. To promote it, Tibetans use only non-violent methods.

The meeting with His Holiness the Dalai Lama
His Holiness the Dalai Lama explained that the option of autonomy is much more advantageous for Tibet, as with China, it could grow rapidly. The economy and defense are the responsibility of the Chinese central government but it is however necessary that it is the Tibetans themselves who manage education (language and culture), the environment and religion.
His Holiness the Dalai Lama also stressed the fight against corruption, which is a form of violence and a cancer to humanity. Also he expressed his support for the efforts the Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping deployed to fight in China.
The Dalai Lama also stressed that it is possible to resolve the Tibet issue peacefully and non- violent. He took the example of General de Gaulle, who fought the Germans from exile in London but then became the best friend of Chancellor Adenauer.

During the discussion on the general geopolitical situation in the world, the Dalai Lama noted that the main problem at present is the persistence of a legacy from the days of the Cold War mentality. Russia continues to be afraid of NATO and the European Union and vice versa. To rebuild trust, it would be appropriate, he has suggested to move the capital of the EU in Poland and NATO headquarters in Moscow.

If the Buddhist leader is concerned about the Chinese military budget is increasing year by year, more alarmed to find that in today's China, the budget of Homeland Security exceeds that of defense: it is an exceptional case in the world.

The fact that it is in China that is now the largest Buddhist population in the world, among which there are some members of the family of President Xi Jinping, reinforcing expectations that the Dalai Lama in the dialogue.

Meeting with the head of the EU delegation in India
The main topic at the meeting was the agreement of free trade that the EU is negotiating with India. The ambassador noted that these negotiations could progress if the new government will be formed after the elections next May a manifest
interest in the case to go forward, the focus side European Union, on negotiations with the United States.
Ambassador pointed out how important it is to work in conjunction with Indian civil society and noted that in India there is no strong movement of opinion among consumers . He expressed his full support for the idea of the EESC to launch an impact assessment of the agreement of free trade would be conducted by civil society both partners

Follow-up actions:
.  The EESC advocate for the appointment of a special coordinator for Tibet EU
 The EESC will activate all possible mechanisms to highlight the message on Tibet during the tour of the President Xi Jinping in the EU in late March.
 A reflection exercise on Tibet will be held at the EESC on the occasion of the visit Dicky Chhoyang, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Central Tibetan Administration, will in May Brussels. Y will be associated with the European External Action Service, the European Commission, the European Parliament, the Committee of the Regions and various NGOs.
 The Committee will work with the European Parliament to strengthen support to Tibet and provide financial assistance to the EU activities concerning.
 The EESC will launch a project on civil society to work to publicize and explain the process of the "middle way" and the importance of the Tibetan issue within the Member States. It could also work with the COR to provide examples of good practices of autonomy (South Tyrol, Greenland, Faroe Islands and Åland Islands).
 The EESC invites the sikyong Lobsang Sangay to participate in the plenary session July.
 The EESC will launch the impact of the free trade agreement between the EU and India assessment.
Attention Presidents groups and sections, as well as the Secretary General
Room Joined: Mission program


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